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PRESIDIO LA BAHIA de goliad National historic site
P. O. Box 57, Goliad, Texas 77963 361-645-3752


Click here to view a news report from KIII-TV 3, Corpus Christi, Texas


Texas Independence Trail visitors experience bold, refreshing look at history

GOLIAD, TEXAS (March 9, 2010) - Fans and students of Texas history, Spanish Colonial and Mexican cultures have good reasons to venture beyond the Alamo and the San Jacinto Battleground to see the 261-year-old Presidio La Bahia (For of the Bay) at Goliad.

More than $500,000 in improvements to the fort, museum and chapel complex were completed in March, thanks to the generosity of members of The Presidio La Bahia Foundation, its Advisory Board, the Friends of the Fort, and numerous individuals and area foundations.

During the past 3 1/2 years, the National Historic Landmark has quietly undergone its most extensive refurbishing since the walled bastion was restored to its 1836 appearance in the mid-1960s with funds from the Kathryn Stoner O'Connor Foundation. Architect Raiford Stripling and archeologist Roland Beard - both now deceased - guided that project.

"Returning and first-time visitors are going to be amazed at the numerous changes," said Newton M. Warzecha, Director since 1991, as well as President of The PLB Foundation.

"Not only have the exhibits been re-designed with new, museum-quality cases and lighting, but all interiors have been repainted; murals and decorations refreshed; the floors repaired and re-sealed and the gift shop expanded," Warzecha emphasized. "The soldiers' barracks have been upgraded and the entry and museum are now more wheelchair accessible."

The Presidio and self-contained Lady of Loreto Chapel are owned by the Catholic Diocese of Victoria, which purchased the site in 1853 from the City of Goliad for $1,000.

The fort has eight-foot stone walls, parapets, cannons, a bell tower containing two bells, a religious statue estimated at 300 years old, more than 150 artifacts on display, a charming Texas- version fresco of the Annunciation and "The (Officer's) Quarters," which can accommodate four persons for overnight stays.

First Class Museum Standards "More than just representing the Texas Revolution and the massacre of the 342 'Fort Defiance' defenders, the museum now accommodates a high quality look into Spanish Colonial life and the Mexican period," explained Drew Patterson of Drew Patterson Studios in Austin, TX.

"This may be the only presidio on what was the Northern Frontier of New Spain that is totally intact," said the museum designer and physical anthropologist.

Patterson, whose background includes 20 years as a fine artist, has been doing museum exhibit design work for 15 years, including projects for the Texas Parks & Wildlife, The LBJ Presidential Library, a top-to-bottom updating at the Alamo exhibits in 2004-05, as well as work for the Bob Bullock Museum of Texas History and personal projects for the late "Lady Bird" Johnson.

Although never done before, the museum's entire collection has now been painstakingly photographed and cataloged by Randal Scott of Washington, D.C., resulting in some new revelations, Warzecha noted. Future plans call for an online digital catalog to help historians, scientists and researchers.

"All the artifacts came off the grounds and are hard evidence of the Spanish and Mexican colonial periods, the intersection of religion and politics and of the fight for Texas Independence," Patterson emphasized.

Considerable assistance, cooperation, information and digital images were provided by the Nettie Lee Bentsen Latin American Collection and the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, both at the University of Texas at Austin, during the museum renovation, he said.

Sketches, copies of historic woodcuts and special art was commissioned for the displays, with many completed by fine artist Barbara Whitehead of Austin.

Suzanne McGarraugh of San Antonio, "a top-notch mount-maker, prepared the artifacts on new, carefully designed 'exhibit furniture,' making them easier to see and much more animated . . . like a painting or sculpture," he said.

"Feature lighting for the interpretive panels sculpts each display. We also allowed the walls and the rooms to be a significant part of the exhibits, using only what was necessary for the panels and the beautiful, world-class cases (by Caseworks) from Germany.

"These cases are elegant and uncomplicated and help elevate the Presidio to the top historical site museums in the state," Patterson said. "Previous visitors will immediately notice a stunning difference. The Presidio has an incredible story to tell and can now tell it in an incredible fashion."

Daily admission prices for the Presidio were raised slightly in 2010 "but offer real family value, real educational opportunities," Warzecha said. "Any school group visiting by the end of May will be matched with a costumed re-enactor, an advantage typically not available day to day."

Admissions are $4 (ages 12-59); $3.50 for (60 and older and military personnel) and $1 (ages 6- 11), with children five and younger admitted free. Group rates are available with advance reservations. The Candlelight Tour on the re-enactment weekend (March 27) is an additional $2.

Living History Program March 26-28 About 5,000 persons are expected for the Silver Anniversary re-enactment of the Battle of Coleto Creek, the defeat of Col. James W. Fannin's army by the Mexican army in March 1836 and the ensuing massacre. About 150 costumed re-enactors on both sides of the opposing forces will fill the air with gritos ((cries), noise and smoke from black powder muzzle-loaders and cannons.

"This is one of the most extensive Living History programs in Texas," Warzecha said. "The scenes occur in the open meadows and near the San Antonio River, where the engagements actually occurred, as well as inside the Fort and Chapel. Col. Fannin is unceremoniously executed on the grounds."

Visitors will have the opportunity to ask the re-enactors about the roles they are reliving and to attend lectures in the 231-year-old chapel, with still functions on Sundays as a parish church. In the evening, candlelight tours ( will be conducted through the barracks and the Mexican officer's quarters, and there will be a hospital scene in the chapel where the Texian prisoners are being held.

The final events of the weekend occur on Sunday, March 28, when the death march will begin inside the Presidio and go to one of the locations where the massacre actually took place. The program concludes with a memorial service that begins in the chapel, followed by a procession to the Fannin Memorial.

The Battleground Monument is where the gathered remains of those massacred were originally buried in 1836, and where the Monument, commissioned for the Texas Centennial in 1936, was completed about 1938. The burial statement is read aloud, "Taps" is played, and there is a 21-musket salute.

"The Friends of the Fort, Goliad residents and all supporters of the Presidio," Warzecha said with a smile," have a message for history lovers, descendants of soldiers on both sides, Hispanics, Catholics, Mexicans, school children and local and foreign visitors.

"Don't just 'Remember Goliad,'" the famous battle cry at the Battle of San Jacinto, but go. Go to Goliad for the history, the hospitality and The Presidio. Spring, with its wildflowers, is the perfect time to "Hit the Trail!' -- The Texas Independence Trail -- for one of the most exciting chapters in the Texas Revolutionary saga.

FOR MORE INFORMATION OR INTERVIEWS: Newton Warzecha, Director of Presidio La Bahia and President of The Presidio La Bahia Foundation, Goliad, TX, 361-645-3752,, Preston F. Kirk, APR, Kirk Public Relations, Spicewood, TX, 830-693-4447;


Friends Of The Fort | PO Box 57 | Goliad, Texas 77963 | US Hwy 183 (77A)
Telephone: (361) 645-3752
Copyright: 2002 - Friends Of The Fort